Maremma Park

The coastal stretch of the Tuscan Maremma that goes from Principina a Mare to Talamone, and is limited to the east in part by the Via Aurelia, has become, since 1975, the  Maremma Natural Park Extending over 100 square kilometers, excluding the external buffer zone , the Park borders on the South and S / W with the sea, which it overlooks in the southern part with a high and eroded coast.Further north, there are beaches where the vegetation cover is made up of numerous pioneer species, well adapted to the difficult sandy and brackish environment and replaced by species characteristic of the Mediterranean scrub as you move away from the shoreline. it has undergone strong changes, as well as in geological times, over the last few decades: so it is now advanced south of Marina di Alberese, while it has undergone a notable retreat on both sides of Bocca d’Ombrone.
From a naturalistic point of view, the complex formed by the Uccellina Mountains, the Marina di Alberese pine forest, the mouth of the Ombrone river and the Paludi della Trappola constitutes a precious mosaic of ecosystems on which man has acted in different moments and ways, further characterizing the landscape without however degrading and impoverishing it. THE TERRITORY OF THE PARK

North of the Ombrone

To the north of the Ombrone there is a flat territory occupied by the Paludi della Trappola: a system of ponds, partly temporary and partly permanent (the so-called clear or bozzi) alternating with dune reliefs just mentioned. A characteristic aspect of this sector of the Park is the presence of Maremma cattle, kept in the wild throughout the year; the inland waters are home to a large number of migratory water birds during the winter, but various bird species are always present. The sectors farthest from the sea have been reclaimed and are now occupied by agricultural crops and modern livestock farms. The territory described is part of the Ombrone delta which cuts through the Park territory with a meandering path.

TO THE LEFT OF THE FOCE DELL’OMBRONE

To the left of the mouth of the Ombrone there is a territory characterized by a compact system of dunes interspersed with blades of limited extension and largely covered by a pine forest. The stone pine forest is separated from the sea by a strip of maritime pine, which performs the function of protecting the territory behind it from the damaging action of salty winds. This area is crossed by some artificial canals which in part date back to the first Lorenensi reclamations of the 18th century.

CENTRAL AND SOUTHERN PART OF THE PARK

The central and southern part of the Park is dominated by the Uccellina Mountains, a set of reliefs partly of calcareous nature, partly siliceous, which culminates in mt. 417 of Poggio Lecci. These reliefs are today almost completely covered by dense forest vegetation (Mediterranean scrub). Only the lower part of the eastern slopes has been cleared and transformed into pasture or olive grove. On the Uccellina Mountains appear ancient towers and religious buildings that testify to the past presence and activity of man in this land: we remember the abbey of San Rabano, largely in ruins, the towers of Castelmarino, of Collelungo, of Cala di Forno and Bella Marsilia. The history of man is not only remembered by these medieval vestiges: near Talamone we meet the ruins of a Roman villa,

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